For a child to thrive in the current society, parents must provide consistent care, ongoing love, support, and security to nurture them with enough resiliency and self-confidence to cope with emotion and social stress. SO what are the controversial issues in child development!
Child development is a beautiful biological process that involves mastering and learning skills such as walking, talking, typing, writing, and so on. The early years of a child’s life are important for overall healthy development with all abilities including special care health care needs.
Effective parenting helps children to grow strong in both social and physical development. Parenting adults have to be keen and keep children away from negative events and analyze their behavior and developmental milestones for any controversial issue in their development.
Why is childhood very important for a child’s wholesome development?
Babies begin to learn and see the world around them from the early stage including the prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal periods. Research and studies show that the early stages of the child play a key role in a child’s brain and human development.
Kids’ early experiences and bond with their family, parents, relatives, and other close peers deeply affect their future cognitive, emotional, physical, emotional, and social development. Effective parenting with showing warmth, sensitivity, and support, helps children to stay healthy and succeed in their future.
Stages of a child’s intellectual development:
Child development starts with how children develop their intellectual skills to react and observe their surroundings. The areas of development that parents should focus to develop a child’s skills are as :
|Cognitive Development||To learn and solve problems||Two-month-old baby||Exploring the surroundings with eyes or hands|
|5-year-old||To solve math problems|
|Social and Emotional Development||To interact with family members and others||6-week- baby||smiling|
|5-year-old||Taking turns in games at school|
|Speech and Language Development||To understand language and speaking skills||0na-year-old||Saying his/her first word|
|2-year-old||Naming the part of their body|
|Fine Motor Skill Development||To use hands and fingers to pick objects||From 5-month- old||Picking crayons for coloring or small objects or toys|
|Gross Motor Skill Development||To use large muscles||6-month- old baby||Pull up to stand holding a chair|
|Five-year-old||Learns to skip|
Child development principles:
Say, If your child is crying and throwing his toys and things, as a parent you should be analyzing either if they are emotionally expressing their fear, or socially uncomfortable, or even confused at a puzzle, or are physically experiencing any pain! Active child psychology works in different scenarios in different situations.
There are many psychologies and controversial issues revolving around child development. Every Child is different, and so will be his psychology. On a general note, Child development psychology is classified as four domains or areas:
- Physical domain – the growth and development of a child’s muscles, body parts, and sense.
- Social domain – how children interact, relate, and talk with neighbors, friends, family members, and strangers.
- Emotional domain– the child’s self-awareness, how they feel about themselves, expressing their feelings, and how they take care of themselves.
- Cognitive domain – how children think, reason, solve problems and learn languages.
These areas are interrelated, influencing development in the other areas. The skills and knowledge acquired by the child form a strong foundation for an advanced future. Parents can make children play to develop their simple and even complex skills.
Many factors and current issues influence children’s development including heredity, community, illness, family, and society. Children must have a happy environment, get their needs met, and feel safe and confident to learn and explore.
It’s important for a parent and caregiver to understand the development of the children at every phase of their growth and the controversies involved in a child’s development. Parents have to know what child expectations are and learn how to help your child to improve their abilities to face society with boldness.
Issues that are often seen in a child’s development:
Every Parent’s doubt that often disturbs their mind is the growth of their children. Children tend to grow up naturally – their bodies tend to grow naturally with available resources. There are a lot of debates circulating throughout the development issues and psychology. The major issues as follows:
- Do genetics or environmental issues influence child development?
- Do early-stage issues and experiences impact the development of the child’s future?
- Does emotional and social development impact their future?
Researchers found out that childhood events do not influence child behavior throughout life, it may correlate to greater stress levels in adulthood.
Below controversial issues in child development are common in a child’s development through the years:
- Receptive language disorder – This is the first type of speech development issue, the child is unable to identify and understand the concepts of shapes, colors, and the other body parts.
- Expressive language disorder
- Speech production
- Cognitive delays
- Gross motor delays – This is a problem noted by many parents all around the world. A child was unable to coordinate their little muscles for an activity.
- Fine motor delays – A child might seem struggling to be able to do simple tasks like brushing his/her hair.
- Emotional or behavioral delays – A child with autism display delay behavior.
Parents have to monitor their development and growth, get them headed in the right direction. Analyzing every controversy in children’s growth and maximizing their potential with the right steps can be life-changing for them.
Child Developmental psychology issues:
Learning how your child views the world, teaching, and mentoring them as they process and develop new feelings is part of parenting. Cultural, environmental and genetic factors affect a child’s development and progress from one stage into the next. Children mighty often have difficulties explaining their feelings and psychological issues they are enduring. But, they often send out signals of discomfort and distress that every parent should always be alert to give attention to!
Some of the current physiological issues in child development that are widely seen and experienced are,
Nature vs Nurture
There is a constant question in every generation about whether children’s behavior, feelings, and thoughts result from nature or nurture, environment, or genetic inheritance. A child’s aggressive behavior could be because of many reasons, and there seems to be prolonged research going about this topic. Recent studies have proven that a child’s behavior could probably be a combination of the circumstances he is subjected to and the hereditary values.
Early experience vs Later Experience
A common context that everyone knows is that Experience plays a vital role in life! More than the childhood experiences, the influences they come across, the thoughts they are improvised upon, do have a big impact on their adult life.
Abnormal behavior vs individual difference
A Child’s milestones in growth are always surrounded by ideas and conceptions from other people and validations from society. Developmental milestones provide guidelines for skills and abilities emerge at certain ages, parents need to be concerned when a child falls behind the norm. Such Milestones clear the complex issues in human development.
With developmental theories, one can learn about the abnormal behavior of the child. Individual behavior relay on environmental impact. Both norms and environments describe child development.
What are children’s context and why do parents want to understand them?
Research and studies prioritize various contexts or environments for a child’s growth including neighbors, families, schools, and relatives. Children’s contexts provide a meaningful and complete way to know about their surroundings and preferences in life, for example by their selection of friends. Research states that a child by birth knows to adapt to its environment and give appropriate sound signals of hunger, irritation, and many more. By the time a child is almost the age to start schooling, he is well enough capable of taking his own decisions like choosing the costume, selecting his friends’ circle, etc.,
The surroundings in which children grow can either improve or harm their mental and emotional state. Parents could introduce new music or special toys in their day-to-day activities to encourage brain development. No matter what your children age, hold and hug them, and patiently hear the stories of their world. Give your time, lots of love and attention to your child and show them your support. Interact with your children to learn about their interests and skills. By doing these, you could easily comprehend out the basic issues in child development.
Family context serves the primary socializing agent for child development. Family structure, relationships between the family members, and resources in the home play a key role in a child’s healthy mental development.
Parental engagement involves attending their child’s activities and knowing their friends, providing a home safe environment, and daily needs to meet. Family instills the value, norms, attitudes, and beliefs of their culture and environment, and helps children to grow as positive, contributing members to their society.
Parents have to maintain a positive harmony with their child and keep them out of their controversial issues like divorces, financial problems and illness, pressure and stress can affect their development.
Neighborhood and community in which children live impact various aspects of healthy development. School and neighborhood safety defines a child’s behavior in the public and things they do outside their home.
A community environment promotes healthy development and socializing skills. Family contextual factors include measures of family income, size of household, household composition, and parental education. The family’s income and resources play a role in a child’s nutrition and diet of child development.
Why Conversation with children about difficult topics is important?
Children have fear and difficulties discussing unpleasant events or scary things like divorce, bullying, or other abuse scenarios. Open discussion among family members helps children face difficulties and dispel irrational fears.
Every child wants to learn that anxiety is common and anxious feelings will decrease over time. The Best Example would be our ancestors. Their keenness on not speaking intimate topics made us adults face complex issues in human development.
Parents have to discuss difficult topics at a quiet, safe, and comfortable place where children are interested to spend time. Parents should hear calmly about their information and feelings, and encourage children to handle their fears and concerns. Open discussions give children new support, love, and care from parents, and make them strong to face society.
Effective parenting is the best solution to overcome the controversial and psychological issues involved in child development. It’s important for a parent to give attention and care from the early stage of children’s development, make sure children don’t face any problems or issues. Also, seek help from professionals and doctors if your children have any emergency needs.