If you are someone vaguely interested in playing volleyball, you might want to know about how many players are there on a volleyball team? and the rules on indoor volleyball teams. Before jumping into the number of players and playing positions, knowing a little information about this sport could be interesting for you!
During World War I, volleyball quickly gained popularity and spread across the world by American troops. People started enjoying the game, as it boosted their body and team spirit.
Volleyball is a versatile sport played vigorously, competitive, and hard-hitting by two teams in a rectangular court, divided by a net. The main objective of the sport is to make the ball touch the ground in the opponent’s courtside, in a back-and-forth of the ball over the net.
Volleyball has progressed a lot over these years and modified to be played both outdoors and indoors. The Game environment is constructed in such a way that the players are at ease whilst playing the game.
How many players are there on a volleyball team?
Each volleyball team has six players on the court and six more substitute players seated outside the free zone.
Players are positioned in three players at the front row and three players in the back row. One of the players will be captain of the team and one of them is Libero. The Libero is a defending specialist and cannot move the frontcourt or serve the ball, wear a different color jersey from the rest of the team players.
The team is organized with a setter, two receiver hitter, two center blockers, and a universal spiker.
The first serve and the choosing the side of the court is determined by the winner of a coin toss. The play is started with service, the ball is hit by a server aver net to the opponents and the team has three hits in addition to the block contact for returning the ball.
The rally continues until the ball hits the ground, the opponent team gets a score point. The team which gains the score has the right to serve for the next play of the ball, and its players rotate one position clockwise.
The usual pattern of passing a ball is a
- Dig – passing the ball with an underarm made with forearms
- Set- overhead pass made with hands
- Spike- attacking overhead shot.
Who can block the ball?
Only three players at the net positions in the rotation can jump and block or spike the ball. The backcourt players can hit the ball over the net from behind the three-meter line or attack line, which divides the front and back zone.
A player who starts rotation in the backcourt is not allowed to block the ball, or even not to touch the ball. If it happens so, it is considered a violation of the game rules.
How does the ball move between the serving and receiving team players in a rally?
The Ball moves in between the teams, with the planned positions and calculative throws of the volleyball players of the team.
In world champions and Olympics games, players of both teams can participate in a six to ten minutes warm-up session, to be adopted in the playing environment.
An extreme right position player in the backcourt of the team must serve (service) or put the ball in play as per toss. If service is at fault, the opponent or receiving team gets a chance to serve.
After the service, the ball should reach the opponent team without touching any player of the serving team. A receiving team can hit the ball three times successively, the fourth hit must be an attack hit and send the ball back to the serving team zone. The ball moves forth-and-back in the air until it touches the floor or any player commits a fault.
If the service ball is on the opposite side, the team gets points and the server gets a chance to serve again. If a team commits a fault, the opposite side gets a point and gets a chance to serve.
If the serving team loses the ball on the ground, the opponent gets a point and a chance to serve after the clockwise rotation in the specified order.
If a team scores 25 points, it’s a win and must lead at least 2 points from the opponent team. If the lead is less than 2 points, the game will be continued until it reaches the wide lead.
Right environment to play volleyball:
The Sport Volleyball is played in a rectangular court that is divided into two halves with a net between two poles. The two poles are fixed on either side of the court outside.
Court design – The optimum size of the rectangular court is 18 × 9 meters. The court surface can be a wooden or synthetic floor neither slippery nor rough to avoid injuries. The court is divided into 9 × 9 meters two similar squares by a centerline.
Free zone – The playing court is surrounded by a 3m free zone on all sides.
Front zone – The front zone is drawn 3 meters away from the centerline on both sides.
Service zone – The service zone is 9 meters wide behind the end line, players will have to serve the ball from this zone to the opponent’s court.
Substitution zone – This zone lies between the attack line and the scorer’s table.
Libero replacement Zone – The zone lies between the extended attack line and the end line, and is a part of the free zone.
Volleyball equipment used in practice:
- The Net must be 1 meter long and 9.5 to 10 meter wide. It is tied at the centerline of the court with two poles/ poles fixed outside the court.
- The center should be above 2.43 meters above the ground for men. For women, it must lie above 2.24 meters.
- The court width is marked on the net, it helps the referee to know whether the ball hits inside the court or outside.
- Volleyball is a 65-67 cm circumference spherical ball.
- The Ball weight is 260-280 grams, generally made of synthetic material or leather with different colors.
Players are dressed uniformly in jerseys, shorts, sports shoes, and socks.
Types Of Volleyball Games Played:
Beach Volleyball, Snow Volleyball, Sitting Volleyball, Shooting volleyball, Aquatic Volleyball, and other volleyball variants to improve fitness and more fun.
Different variants of Volleyball are being played in different environments. Based on the environment, and game type – the number of volleyball players in the team differ. Beach, Snow and shooting Volleyball are classic outdoor games while many other variants are played indoor.
All the indoor played volleyball games require 6 volleyball players on both the sides. Outdoor played volleyball games are familiarly played by the doubles.
- The ball should not cross the end lines and sidelines in play, and the ball should stay between the antennae at the net.
- If the receiving team two players hit the ball at the same time, it considers two hits.
- In world champions, matches are played of three sets. The first and second matches will be played to 21 (up to 25 point cap) rally points. The third game will have to be played to 15 rally scoring (up to 17 point cap).
- When the ball is in play, players should not cross the centerline, sometimes their hands can touch on the opponent’s side while blocking but their feet should be in their court area.
- Volleyball Players in the team should never touch get in the way of blocking or disturbing opponents’ play. But the ball can be touched or struck in the net, it can be brought back for play.
- Within 8 seconds after the referee whistles, the serve player shield serves the ball.
- To deliver an attack hit, the front-court player should be in their playing space, but the back-court player should deliver an attack hit away from the front positions and after the hit, they may reach front space.
- If the ball is still higher than the net, a receiving team never attempts to deliver a hit from the frontcourt zone.
- The backcourt players have the rights to block the ball, and the Libero cannot block or serve the block.
- Just after service, the ball cannot be blocked. But the served ball can touch the net. The opponent team will get a chance to serve, in case of service fault.
- Players can only hit the ball, and cannot catch and throw it.
- If the ball lands on the line, it will be considered as in and points will be awarded.
- A block is not counted as one of the three hits per rally.
- If the ball touches the poles, it is considered as out.
- The server should stay in the service zone or behind the service area until the ball is served. A jump serve must jump behind the service line and can land front after striking the ball to the opponent.
- If players don’t like the toss, the server cannot throw up and catch the ball. They can throw up and make the ball touch the ground if they don’t like a toss. The server will get one to retry per point.
- The last deciding set first serves team will be determined by a toss.
A Volleyball game can be either exciting or boring depending on the efficiency of the Volleyball Team Players. The Count is important, but what is more important – is the strength of the Volleyball team.